Syria, Geopolitics, War/Middle East
Syria and the World - Middle East

Syria and the World

Posted by Aneela Shahzad on
  1. Oct 2001 – Afghanistan invaded – to date  
  2. March 2003 – Iraq invaded – August 2011 vacated    
  3. Jan 2011 – Ben Ali’s regime in Tunisia toppled           
  4. Feb 2011 – Hosni Mubarak of Egypt removed      
  5. March 2011 – protests in Syria plunge the country into an ongoing bloody civil war 
  6. Oct, 2011 – Gaddafi beaten and killed out of power                          
  7. Jan, 2012 – Saleh of Yemen forced to leave the country

While the others fell down to the Arab Spring like pawns fleeing the king’s horses, Syria stood up in resistance; a resistance that may have the potential to drag humanity into great strife.

This essay aims to analyze the global situation that has cultured around the Syrian issue, and seeks the reader to come to conclusions over Humanity, and over the Muslim and the Christian worlds, in prospects of the wider global phenomenon.

The Arab Spring, though thought of as a purely Arab phenomenon, has one thing common with the Western-led invasions; they came with a promise of democracy, and the promise was never fulfilled. Or should it be said that the new system that advents the states every time, forcefully labeled as a ‘type’ of democracy, brought by the Spring or the Invasions, never leads the derailed country on the path of progress or stability; rather, it has always been a promise of permanent chaos.

Observing Syria from the ground level, one sees a divided country, with Assad’s control sieged towards the Mediterranean, leaving him connected to Jordan and exposed to Israel. The Rebel forces seem to control the entire middle, all along the Euphrates River, connecting them with Iraq on one side and with Turkey on the other; with the Kurds occupying patches of land along the Turkish border.

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But taking an aerial view, from a level where Syria is just a country surrounded by countries, one sees the real danger that lies in this ongoing resistance. It comes to notice that as circumstances unfolded, fate had placed Syria at the pivot wherefrom the world could be divided into extremely polarized twos. Two axes along which more and more states would be inclined towards, as time would pass on, virtually dividing the world into confrontable units and forcibly dragging it out of the Cold War stance.

Bashar Al Assad, and his Alawite sect, had for long been the scorn of the eye for the numerically excessive and resourceful Sunni Muslim world, and it would not have been unwise for him to peacefully have come down from power over a Sunni majority in Syria, for the betterment of his populace and the betterment of the wider world; but he is stubbornly hanging on. On the other hand, the Rebels that might have initially radicalized for the basic human rights of their people, have become a source that is quickly dragging their allies into the pit hole of war, when many of them had previously posed as inert.

As events unfolded, we saw that Iran on Syria’s east and the Hezbollah of Lebanon on its west created a bridge that would somehow become a route for supplies through Assad’s territories, aiding him with ammunition and manpower. While Iran was doing this, the Western Allies sought to aid the rebels, with not only arms but also by easing many militant entities to join the Rebels in this struggle; as opponents of the US/Allies allege them of facilitating a new umbrella of Al-Qaida along the Syria/Turkey border, attracting all sorts of militants towards this front. For the Western powers, a chance for intervention in yet another oil-rich country is perhaps another ray of hope for their collapsing economies; more chaos would mean more chance of intervention and securing a position where they can dictate their terms on any new regime, most probably by implanting one of their choice. And for Saudi Arabia, it would mean lessening the threat of an ambitious Shia block by eliminating one Shia regime from a Sunni majority state, an act which would make perfect sense to the majority of the Muslim world, especially if Assad can be labeled a brutal tyrant.

History tells us that Assad’s father Hafez Al Assad had eliminated political opponents with brutal measures and a rebellion mounted by the Muslim Brotherhood at Hama occurred in 1982, was suppressed with the killing of between 10,000–40,000 people. The dictatorial rule of a minority sect over a constricted majority and keeping the religious aspirations of the people curbed are some of the atrocities committed by the Assad regime.