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  •  Communism & Capitalism

    Ideology / Communism & Capitalism

    For Marx the Industrial Revolution had brought about the Surplus Value that became the basis of Capitalism. Before the industries the laborers had an ownership of their tools and owned the products they manufactured, but...

  • Algeria – Ancient to Contemporary

    Africa / Algeria – Ancient to Contemporary

    France called its air force and paratroopers who responded to the demonstrators with such extreme violence that 45,000 Algerians were killed within a few days. This changed the political climate and several new parties emerged with the demand for independence, some of them making para-military wings to organize revolts and guerilla tactics against the French and by 1954 the Algerian War of Independence had begun.

  • China in Africa

    Africa / China in Africa

    An attempt to understand how China is sweeping across the whole of Africa with development projects and how that can change the fate of the people of Africa.

  • Hosni to Morsi to Sisi

    Africa / Hosni to Morsi to Sisi

    Every individual that has stepped on the throne of Egypt has not only changed the fate of his own people but also the the geopolitics of the whole Middle East & North Africa. This essay presents a concise historical perspective that led to the contemporary era of Hosni, Morsi & Sisi and what ideological difference they present.

  • Snowden - Prism Versus Democracy

    Americas / Snowden - Prism Versus Democracy

    US history is filled with many such heroic figures, who understood their civil and constitutional rights, and were willing to jeopardize their illustrious careers and risk the permanent enmity of the strongest network of secret predators.