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  • Algeria – Ancient to Contemporary

    Africa / Algeria – Ancient to Contemporary

    France called its air force and paratroopers who responded to the demonstrators with such extreme violence that 45,000 Algerians were killed within a few days. This changed the political climate and several new parties emerged with the demand for independence, some of them making para-military wings to organize revolts and guerilla tactics against the French and by 1954 the Algerian War of Independence had begun.

  • WW1 / WW2 - Dark Shadows

    Global Phenomenon / WW1 / WW2 - Dark Shadows

    These are not just two wars that occurred and are over now, rather their effects reach us to this day – their dark shadows may still be blocking the radiations that would have lightened our lives. It is imperative to understand these wars to understand the world we are living in today. And it is imperative to determine where humanity has done its wrongs and how it will undo them now.

  • Palestine and the Arabs Struggle for Independence

    Palestine / Palestine and the Arabs Struggle for Independence

    The Palestinians faced double jeopardy with their Arab-identity and the Zionist-initiated Jewish immigrations to the Holy Land. And in spite their issues with the Ottoman central power, they knew that the Jews entering their land were too powerful and well-linked inside and outside their land...

  • Afghanistan – the Next Decade

    Afghanistan / Afghanistan – the Next Decade

    The question is, how long can the US survive in Afghanistan. This essay will also endeavor to reassess the geopolitical imagination that enshrouds Afghanistan with negatives like its having a ‘cursed geography’ or its being ‘unable to become a nation-state because of its strong ethno-nationalisms’ and to demystify its real standing in the global arena.