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  • Why Did the Quaid Say This

    Pakistan / Why Did the Quaid Say This

    The assertion that Jinnah was secular is enough to jeopardize the whole thought of an ‘Islamic welfare state’, that most of us aspire for.

  • The Baluch and Hazara Issue

    Pakistan / The Baluch and Hazara Issue

    This is a research-based essay, combining the historic and political account of the Baluch and Hazara people with the ethical question of how ethnicities value in the bigger picture of nationhood.

  • Syria – In the Arab World

    Middle East / Syria – In the Arab World

    It is easy to understand that a nation that had been fighting for several decades, first against the Turks and then against the French for independence, self-determination and for an Islamic Arabism – that it would never be happy under a minority control – a minority of heterodox Muslims, that many Sunni Arabs did not even accept to be an authentic form of Islam – many Syrian Sunnis regard the Alawite as a sect more heretical than the Jews.

  • Algeria – Ancient to Contemporary

    Africa / Algeria – Ancient to Contemporary

    France called its air force and paratroopers who responded to the demonstrators with such extreme violence that 45,000 Algerians were killed within a few days. This changed the political climate and several new parties emerged with the demand for independence, some of them making para-military wings to organize revolts and guerilla tactics against the French and by 1954 the Algerian War of Independence had begun.