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  • Algeria – Ancient to Contemporary

    Africa / Algeria – Ancient to Contemporary

    France called its air force and paratroopers who responded to the demonstrators with such extreme violence that 45,000 Algerians were killed within a few days. This changed the political climate and several new parties emerged with the demand for independence, some of them making para-military wings to organize revolts and guerilla tactics against the French and by 1954 the Algerian War of Independence had begun.

  • Will Madoru Survive?

    Americas / Will Madoru Survive?

    ...social programs, subsidies on food and basic goods and excessive spending on health and education caused decline in manufacturing or agriculture... all this social spending relied excessively on oil revenues from PDVSA, and once the oil prices dropped in the international market, Venezuela had nothing to spend and the economy went into ruins...

  • The Pink Tide

    Americas / The Pink Tide

    The legacy of Hugo Chavez, who is considered the mast-holder of Bolivarianism in South America, is not just of a communist ideal that is meant to create a utilitarian economy and the uplift of the lower class, it is an idea based on the spirit of freedom and the strength needed to sustain it.

  • Was Quaid e Azam a Secular?

    Pakistan / Was Quaid e Azam a Secular?

    But perhaps it is more interesting to ask wherefrom the idea of the Quaid being a secular originated in the first place? Some would think this to be a creation of the liberal mindset that evolved later in the country – but a geopolitical analysis shows a possible broader base!