The Ottomans had lost Hungary and Austria by 1699, the French took Algeria from them in 1830, the Russians took away Cremea and the Caucasus by 1864. Britain occupied Cyprus in 1878, France occupied Tunisia in 1881 and Britain occupied Egypt too in 1882. In 1908 Bugaria got independence and in 1912 Italy occupied Libya.
In all this time Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and UAE that were originally parts of the Ottoman provinces of Iraq and Hejaz, were carved apart to make independent entities that would serve as forward stations for the British and later for the American interests. These states have since been stationed by large foreign militaries that ensure Western control in Presian Gulf affairs.
In 1974, in a bid to please Iraq, Iran backed away from the Kurds and Iraqi forces crushed the Kurds, 200,000 fled to Iran. In 1980, in the Iran/Iraq War, Turkey sent troops to help Iraq fight the Kurds. In 1988, duirng hte War, Iran captured Halabja, Iraqi forces bombed Halabja with poison gas, 5000 were killed. In 1997, 50,000 Turkish troops invaded Northern Iraq to root out Kurdish separatists. All stake-holders aidded or attacked the Kurds at different times, using them as play-cards.
FUELING the WAR - Documented facts show that in the War: US Company ATCC & British Porton Down supplied shipments of Anthrax to Iraq - Pentagon/CIA provided satellite/ AWACS intelligence & train Iraqi commandos - US sold $20bl worth weapons to Kuwait & Saudi to funnel to Iraq - British Astra Company solds weapons to Iraq - MI6 tied up with Iranian J. Hashemi, for Illicit Arms Trade to Iran - Oliver Norton tied with Iranian arms broker Ghorbanifar for TOW/HAWKS - US Profits were diverted to Contra Rebels against the pro-Soviet Sandinista in Nicaragua - US allowed Afghan Mujahedeen network to sell US-made arms to Iran - Israel’s Ya'acov Nimrodi sold TOW missiles, Hawk anti-aircraft missiles, 155 mm mortars & ammunition to Iran.
US immediatly led Coalition Forces of 34 nations to execute Operation Desert Sheild & Operation Desert Storm against Iraq - 700,000 US force amassed in Kuwait - Extensive aerial bombing campaign completely destroyed Iraq’s Military, Navy & Air Force - Kuwait was liberated - Iraqi No-Fly-Zone was established - & severe SANCTIONS were imposed over Iraq.
The six-lane highway between Kuwait and Iraq, officially known as Highway 80. During the UN coalition offensive in Persian Gulf War, American & Canadian aircraft & ground forces attacked retreating Iraqi military personnel attempting to leave Kuwait on the night of February 26–27, 1991. Between 1,400 and 2,000 vehicles were hit & their occupants killed on the main Highway 80 north of Al Jahra. Several hundred more littered the lesser known Highway 8 to the major southern Iraq military stronghold of Basra.
May, 1994 - Riegle’s Report was presented to the US Senate, it said ‘Records... from 1985 until the present show... pathogenic, toxigenic, and other biological research materials were exported to Iraq pursuant to application and licensing by the U.S. Department of Commerce.... These exported biological materials were not attenuated or weakened and were capable of reproduction".
Under Security Council Resolutio 986, the so called ‘Oil for Food’ program, allowed Iraq to sell a limited amount of oil to buy food and medicines, but not much else. Repair of infrastructure was essentially still prohibited.
The website Business Pundit identifies “The 25 Most Vicious Iraq War Profiteers” as being: Halliburton (military/oil—Dick Cheney was its Chairman), Veritas Capital Fund/DynCorp (military/finance), Washington Group International (military/oil), Environmental Chemical (military), Aegis (military), International American Products (electricity), Erinys (oil/military), Fluor (water/sewage), Perini (environmental cleanup), URS (military/environmental), Parsons (military/construction), First Kuwaiti General (construction), Armor Holdings (military), L3 Communications (military), AM General (military), HSBC Bank (third largest financial institution globally), Cummins (electricity), MerchantBridge (financial), GlobalRisk Strategies (financial/military), ControlRisks (military), CACI (military), Bechtel, Custer Battles (military), Nour USA (oil), and General Dynamics (military).